Friedrich Wilhelm August Froebel, a German pedagogue
Good afternoon, everybody!
This is Dora.
In the morning,not very morning around 11am, it rained heavily.
Really it was pouring with rain.So at that time i was thinking “don’t want to eat lunch outside.”
But at the lunch time, the sky became so clear and quite refreshing.
So I didn’t skip the lunch again. 🙂
Anyway, today i want to share with you about one of the German teacher(pedagogue) named Froebel.
I think all of the mom with kids are familiar with these pedagogues and even their theories.
I hope that you are not familiar with this pedagogue very well. 😉
For me, i am a single but i always meet the parents,especially mom and kids.
So these days I’ve got interested in education for young children and educational toys for kids.
Shall I begin?
As usual, this German pedagogue’s family was rich. Yes, indeed.
House in Oberweißbach where Friedrich Frobel was born, WOW! :O
His father was a pastor of orthodox Lutheran parish in their village.
The village his family lived is the wealthy area where it is in Thuringian Forest.
All of the people could easily got the unique and natural herbs there, roots and everything.
So Each family could prepare, harvest and make their own products for their living.
(Thuringian Forest had been known for its herbs remedies, tinctures, bitters, soap and salves.)
The forest make the inhabitants a nature-lover and let them make their own living.
Shortly after Froebel’s birth, his mother’s health began to fail.
She died when Froebel was nine months old.
The mother’s death was influencing profoundly his whole life.
At his age of 10, he went to live in a small town wit his uncle.
Away from his hometown, he had loved the nature very much and then became an apprentice to a forester at his age of 15.
After 2 years later, he left his apprenticeship and went for study with mathematics and botany.
He finished his study during 3 years for that and he worked as a land surveyor for 3 years.
Suddenly he began as an educator right after he quit the job as a land surveyor.
He went to educate children and study at secondary school in Frankfurt where he learned about Pestalozzi’s ideas.
According to Petalozzi’s thought, Modern education must be based on recognition that
children have unique needs and capabilities.
Later, he worked with Petalozzi in Switzerland where his idea further developed.
While he’d worked with and learnt from Pestalozzi, he got experienced to teach students and young children at Pestalozzi’s Institution Center.
After 2 years later since he worked with Pestalozzi, he went back to school and became a teacher.
During for his army service, he involved in 2 campaigns against Napoleon.
After the battle of Wateloo, he found himself a civilian again.
He had wandered a lot, away from his town and country.
But there are 2 proponents he befriended in the army who named Wilhelm Middendorf and Heinrich Langethal.
One day, Froebel wanted to found institution in German.
At that time, they were willing to help him to found the education center in German.
Even when he suddenly wanted to go Switzerland again for founding one more center there,
they were still there and became a proponent for him.
At his age of 55, he went back to his country for founding a care, playing and activity institute for small children.
And then he coined the word kindergarten for the Play and Activity Institute he had founded in 1837 at Bad Blankenburg for young children, together with Wilhelm Middendorf and Heinrich Langethal.
These two men were Froebel’s most faithful colleagues and supporter.
He designed the educational play materials known as Froebel Gifts, or Frebelgaben, which included geometric building blocks and pattern activity blocks.
Froebel’s great insight was to recognize the importance of the activity of the child in learning.
He introduced the concept of “free work” (Freiarbeit) into pedagogy and established the “game” as the typical form that life took in childhood, and also the game’s educational worth.
Activities in the first kindergarten included singing, dancing, gardening and self-directed play with the Froebel Gifts.
These efforts of his were transported into every dukes and royal circles in Netherlands.
One of the dukes impressed with his efforts and caring into children granted land and house for train teachers follow Froebel’s theories.
Finally in his nearly 60’s, he got the supporters away from his country and gained recognition.
While I was reading his life and effort, I thought that his life was quite mass and eventful.
Even he was born in wealthy families and village but he had to move to live with his uncle.
Without his mother in his childhood, he got felt lonely and hollow.
So he might be wandering here to there to find his real friend who can believe and follow.
Anyway, he became well-known for his efforts and theories.
Here is the lesson for Froebel’s Life.
Don’t worry to wander here and there for finding your life.
After you pass and overcome it, you’ll found yourself who you are.
And Don’t forget to believe and support your people you befriended.
Bye Bye 🙂